Early Literacy – Reading Development

by Kelley Jilek

Child read, two cute little girls reading book together on booksEven the youngest children enjoy listening to language. The coos and babbles that a baby makes are the beginnings of language development. You can help your child develop a love for reading and books without investing a lot of time or money.

  • Take the time to read to your child every day. Reading aloud increases children’s vocabulary and fuels their imaginations. Read more than just books. Words are everywhere – signs, newspapers, letters, cards, menus, cereal boxes, recipes, etc.
  • Read with enthusiasm in your voice! Use different tones to represent different characters in the story and ask your child to join in.
  • Surround your child with books. Place them where she can access them easily. Don’t forget to keep a few favorites in the car and travel bag to take advantage of unexpected free time. Plan regular trips to the library, and utilize yard sales, thrift shops, and used book stores to help stock your shelves without spending a lot of money.
  • Be willing to read your child’s favorite books over and over and over again. Children love being able to predict how the events of the story will unfold. In addition, the repetition helps your child become familiar with new words, letters, and language patterns. Your child may become so familiar with the book, he will be able to “read” it to you!
  • Choose appropriate books. Consider your child’s age when picking out books. young baby girl happily reading a bookBoard books, cloth, or plastic books are great for infants and toddlers because they are sturdy and can be easily cleaned. Make sure the books aren’t too long or too difficult for your child to understand. Pick topics that relate to events in your child’s life such a potty training, taking care of pets, a new baby, etc. Choose a variety of different books with interesting, repetitive, rhythmic, and fun text.
  • Use your child’s name in print often to demonstrate how we use print and to help him learn to recognize his name and the letters in it.
  • Be a reading role model. Let your child see you reading, making lists, and doing other literacy-related activities throughout your day. Talk about print and how you use it. (“The directions say to…”)
  • Avoid forcing books and reading onto your child. Too much pressure can actually push your child away. Instead, try some of the ideas mentioned in this article to naturally entice your child’s interest in reading.Story time - family over white
  • Allow your child to interrupt your reading. Encourage her to ask questions and make comments about the events of the story or the features of the illustrations. Ask your child questions as well such as, “What do you think will happen next? Can you find the butterfly in the picture? Do you remember what happened to the bear at the beginning of the book?”
  • Once your child is able to read for herself, still take the time to read her favorites to her. Not only does continued reading aloud strengthen listening skills and comprehension, it also makes your child feel loved and secure in your relationship together. The physical closeness and the sound of your familiar voice will make your time together unforgettable. Your child will remember the time you shared well into adulthood.

It’s never too late to start reading to your child! For inspiration and a treasury of titles to choose from, check out the classic book below.

The Read-Aloud Handbook: Seventh Edition
by Jim Trelease

Also read our tips on Language Development and Writing Development.

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